14 Facts About Indian Independence Every Indian Needs To Know – Nutshell School
- Our current national flag had a number of iterations. The version you know today was made by Pingali Venkayya at Bezwada in 1921.
- Only Khadi Development and village industries have the license to produce or supply our national flag.
- We did not have a national anthem on our first Independence day.
- It’s hard to believe this one, but Mahatama Gandhi was not a part of the first Independence Day celebration.
- Lord Mountbatten was forced to attend the Independence Day of both India and Pakistan, which is why he brought forward Pakistan’s Independence Day to 14th August.
- Lord Mountbatten chose 15th August as India’s Independence Day because it honoured the second anniversary of Japan’s surrender to the Allied forces.
- South Korea, Republic of Congo, and Liechtenstein share their Independence Day with India.
- Goa was a Portuguese state when India became independent. It became a part of the Indian union in 1961.
- Our first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru was a style icon. He featured in an issue of Vogue Magazine.
- Hindi is not the national language of India. It was chosen as India’s first official language and was declared so in 1949.
- After Independence, 560 princely states became a part of the Indian union.
- 2Hyderabad was the last state to become a part of the Indian union.
- The border between India and Pakistan was drawn by British lawyer Sir Cyril Radcliffe.
- In 1975, Sikkim became the final and 22nd state to join the Indian union. Before that, Sikkim was an Indian protectorate.
India gained independence from the British Raj on August 15, 1947, making it an important day in the history. India is truly a secular and diverse country with different religions, languages, caste, and creed living in a harmony. We all have read our freedom fighters’ struggle and sacrifice for freedom. But that are several interesting facts about Indian Independence day that we are unaware of. Here’s a list of a few that may surprise you.
- The British East India Company entered India as a trading company in 1600 to trade items such as tea, cotton, and silk. Gradually it went on to become a political ruler in the country.
- The date ‘August 15’ was chosen by the Last Viceroy and first Governor General of India Lord Mountbatten as it was the same day in 1945 that Japan surrendered to the Allied Forces at the end of the World War II.
- August 15 is celebrated as Independence Day in not only India but also in five other countries – Bahrain, North Korea, South Korea, Liechtenstein and Republic of Congo.
- Mahatma Gandhi had plans of disbanding the Indian National Congress after the Independence of the country. A day before his death in a draft resolution he said that since the aim has been achieved, the INC has outlived its use. He wrote: “Though split into two, India having attained political independence through means devised by the Indian National Congress, the Congress in its present shape and form, i.e., as a propaganda vehicle and parliamentary machine, has outlived its use.”
- We all know the fact that Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India. But he was not always the first choice. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel had the majority of votes but Nehru didn’t want to play second in command to anyone. Mahatma Gandhi had a soft spot for Nehru he requested Sardar Patel to step down.
- India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru was considered as a global style icon. His popular ‘Nehru’ jacket earned him a place in Vogue magazine.
- During Independence, India didn’t have any National Anthem. Jana Gana Mana’ was written by Rabindranath Tagore in 1911 and was officially adopted in 1950.
- On behalf of all the women of India, Free India’s Parliament was represented by Hansa Mehta.
- Indian rupee in 1947 was Re 1 = $ 1. Currently, Rs 64.08 = $ 1.
- By law, the only material to be used for making flag is ‘khadi’. Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission holds the right to manufacture the flag and allocates it to regional groups. Flying a flag made of any other material is punishable under law with three years imprisonment and a fine.
These are the most interesting and must known facts about Indian Independence
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