10 Enchanting Facts About the Moon – Nutshell School
- The distance from the moon to Earth is 238,857 miles. If you drove from the moon to Earth at 65 mph it would take you 3,674 hours to get there
- The moon was formed when a huge object hit Earth and blasted out rocks that all came together and started orbiting round Earth. They all melted together like in a big heated po, cooled down and became the moon.
- The moon goes round Earth every 27.3 days.
- Our moon is the fifth largest moon in the Solar System.
- Neil Armstrong was the very first person to walk on the moon. He stepped out of his spacecraft, the Eagle, on 21 July 1969 and said, “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.”
- Mons Huygens is the tallest mountain on the moon, it is 15,420 feet tall, just over half the height of Mt Everest (29,029 feet). But because the moon’s gravitational pull is about 83% less than on Earth.
- The moon is very hot during the day but very cold at night. The average surface temperature is 224 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and NEGATIVE 243 degrees at night.
- The phases of the moon are: New Moon, Crescent, First Quarter, Waxing Gibbous, Full Moon, Waning Gibbous, Last Quarter, Crescent…then it’s back to New Moon.
- A lunar eclipse occurs when Earth is between the sun and the moon.
- Earth’s tides are largely caused by the gravitational pull of the moon. You can thank the moon for boogie boarding!
Here Are Some More Enchanting Facts About the Moon
The Moon in Myths and Stories
In ancient times, many people thought the Moon shone by its own light.
We know now it only reflects the light of the Sun.
But before we come to look at the science of the Moon, let’s take a trip back in time to find out what our ancestors made of the mysteries of the Moon in their myths, legends and stories.
We’ve all heard the idea still told to children today that there’s a “Man in the Moon” or that the Moon is made of cheese.
In ancient times, however, the Moon was most often thought of as a god or a goddess.
Our ancestors considered the Sun and the Moon to be divine beings; one masculine, one feminine; one ruling the day, the other the night.
Moon Myths of the World
In Alaska, the myths of the Inuit people talk of the Moon as a wicked god named Malina, the brother of the Sun. In their mythology the Sun is a goddess called Annigan.
Malina is cruel and chases his sister across the sky. But he spends all his time doing that and forgets to eat – so as the month wears on he gets thinner and thinner until he vanishes away altogether!
How the Sun and the Moon were created. Do any elements in this story remind you of stories you know from closer to home?
Korean Moon Myth
In Native American myths and stories, the Sun and the Moon are husband and wife. But the Sun is hungry and cruel and wants to eat their children, the stars. So, when he wakes in the morning, all the star-children run away. It is only at night, while he is sleeping, that the Moon can come out and play with her children.
But the Moon has not only inspired Native American stories. Here is a beautiful piece of Native American music played on the traditional wooden flute.
Nigerian Moon Mask
In Kenya, also in Africa, the myths tell how the Sun and the Moon were both brothers, but they were always fighting and squabbling with each other.
One day, during one of their fights, the Moon fell into a swamp. Covered in mud, his light was dimmed.
Eventually God became so fed up with their constant battles that he separated them, putting one of them in the day and the other in the night.
How Was the Moon Formed?
Scientists have evidence to suggest the Moon may have first formed about the same time as the Earth.
4.3 billion years ago, while the Earth was still forming from the swirling particles left over by an exploding star, it collided with another ‘heavenly body’ about the size of the planet Mars.
This collision caused a scattering of looser Earth material to spin off into space. Caught in the Earth’s gravitational field and swirled into terrestrial orbit, it condensed by its own gravity to become the Moon.
So now you know. Or maybe not. Science is a work-in-progress.
The fact is that scientists have a lot of evidence for this, but not enough to be certain. Although, some problems with understanding just how it all happened are getting clearer, as the following video explains:
How Does the Moon Affect the Tides?
Most coastal waters experience two daily tides known as high tide (when the water level is at its highest) and low tide (when the water level is at its lowest).
But how does the Moon exert its influence on the movement of water? How does the Moon effect the tides?
These are Some of Enchanting Facts About the Moon
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