ADHD : Things You Need To Know


What is ADHD?

ADHD is a common condition that impacts focus, self-control, and other skills. It’s caused by differences in the brain, and it often runs in families. what is it? You may wonder about signs of ADHD and how to help your child.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder affects children and teens and can continue into adulthood. ADHD is the most commonly diagnosed mental disorder of children. Children with this disease may be hyperactive and unable control their impulses. Or they may have trouble paying attention. These behaviors interfere with school and home life.

ADHD Symptoms

Symptoms in Children

ADHD : Things You Need To Know
  • Easily distracted
  • Doesn’t follow directions or finish tasks
  • Doesn’t appear to be listening
  • Doesn’t pay attention and makes careless mistakes
  • Forgets about daily activities
  • Has problems organizing daily tasks
  • Doesn’t like to do things that require sitting still
  • Often loses things
  • Tends to daydream
  • Has trouble waiting for his or her turn
  • Blurts out answers
  • Interrupts others

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Symptoms in Adults

  • Chronic lateness and forgetfulness
  • Anxiety
  • Low self-esteem
  • Problems at work
  • Trouble controlling anger
  • Impulsiveness
  • Substance abuse or addiction
  • Unorganized
  • Procrastination
  • Easily frustrated
  • Chronic boredom
  • Trouble concentrating when reading
  • Mood swings
  • Depression
  • Relationship problems

Types of ADHD

Predominantly Inattentive – lack of focus and attention are the primary symptoms, not hyperactivity

Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type– This can include fidgeting, interrupting people while they’re talking, and not being able to wait their turn

Combined Type – when inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity go hand-in-hand


Your child daydreams a lot at school and is easily distracted when he’s doing homework or chores. You might wonder if he has attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Or is it attention deficit disorder (ADD)?

Many people use the terms to mean the same thing – and that’s sometimes correct. 

ADD is a type of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder that doesn’t involve constant movement and fidgeting. But it’s a blurry distinction. That’s when doctors decided all forms of attention-deficit disorder would be called “attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder,” even if the person wasn’t hyperactive. Now it’s called ADHD, inattentive type, hyperactive/impulsive type, or Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, combined type.

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ADHD in Adult

ADHD : Things You Need To Know

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder affects many adults, and its wide variety of frustrating symptoms can hinder everything from your relationships to your career. If you were diagnosed with childhood Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, chances are you’ve carried at least some of the symptoms into adulthood. But even if you were never diagnosed as a child, that doesn’t mean Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder can’t affect you as an adult. Instead of recognizing your symptoms and identifying the real issue, your family, teachers, or others may have labeled you as a dreamer, goof-off, slacker, troublemaker, or just a bad student. 

You may have been able to compensate for the symptoms of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder when you were young, only to run into problems as your responsibilities increased as an adult. The more balls you’re now trying to keep in the air—pursuing a career, raising a family, running a household—the greater the demand on your abilities to organize, focus, and remain calm. This can be challenging for anyone, but if you have ADHD, it can feel downright impossible.

The good news is that no matter how overwhelming it feels, the challenges of attention deficit disorder are beatable. With education, support, and a little creativity, you can learn to manage the symptoms of adult ADHD—even turning some of your weaknesses into strengths. 

ADHD in Children

ADHD is neurodevelopmental condition that develops when the brain and central nervous system suffer impairments related to growth and development. A child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder may struggle throughout the day to maintain their attention. He or she may appear restless and engage in hyperactive or impulsive behaviors.

For kids, ADHD can interfere with their school work, their relationships with other people, and how they view themselves in the world. These symptoms can persist into adulthood, causing work and relationship problems.

Symptoms have been detected in children as young as 3, and they typically start before the age of 12. ADHD is more common among boys than girls, and the symptoms can be mild, moderate, or severe.  The condition may also manifest differently depending on the individual. Some people experience mainly symptoms of inattention, which is known as the predominantly inattentive subtype of ADHD.

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What Causes ADHD?

The causes of ADHD remain somewhat unclear. Is ADHD genetic? Research suggests that genetics and heredity play a large part in determining who gets attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. However, scientists are still investigating whether certain genes, especially ones linked to the neurotransmitter dopamine, play a defined role in developing ADHD. Additional research suggests that exposure to toxins and chemicals may increase a child’s risk of having ADHD.

ADHD is not caused by bad parenting, too much sugar, or too many video games. ADHD is a brain-based, biological disorder.

ADHD Diagnosis

ADHD : Things You Need To Know

Before you jump to conclusions, keep in mind that diagnosing ADHD isn’t quite that simple. On their own, none of the symptoms of attention deficit disorder are abnormal. Most people feel scattered, unfocused, or restless at times. Even chronic hyperactivity or distractibility doesn’t necessarily equal ADHD.

There is no single medical, physical, or other test for diagnosing ADHD. To determine if you or your child has ADHD, a doctor or other health professional will need to be involved, and you can expect them to use a number of different tools: a checklist of symptoms, answers to questions about past and present problems, or a medical exam to rule out other causes for symptoms.

Keep in mind that the symptoms of ADHD, such as concentration problems and hyperactivity, can be confused with other disorders and medical problems. Just because it looks like ADHD doesn’t mean it is, so getting a thorough assessment and diagnosis is important.

ADHD Treatment

For children with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder younger than 6 years of age, parent training in behavior management as the first line of treatment, before medication is tried. For children 6 years of age and older, the recommendations include medication and behavior therapy together — parent training in behavior management for children up to age 12 and other types of behavior therapy and training for adolescents. Schools can be part of the treatment as well.

Good treatment plans will include close monitoring of whether and how much the treatment helps the child’s behavior, as well as making changes as needed along the way. 

Therapies For ADHD Treatment


ADHD medication

There are 5 types of medication licensed for the treatment of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder:

  • methylphenidate 
  • dexamfetamine
  • lisdexamfetamine
  • atomoxetine
  • guanfacine

These medications are not a permanent cure for Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder but may help someone with the condition concentrate better, be less impulsive, feel calmer, and learn and practise new skills.

Some medications need to be taken every day, but some can be taken just on school days. 

If you were not diagnosed with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder until adulthood, your GP and specialist can discuss which medications and therapies are suitable for you.

If you or your child is prescribed one of these medications, you’ll probably be given small doses at first, which may then be gradually increased. You or your child will need to see your doctor for regular check-ups to ensure the treatment is working effectively and check for signs of any side effects or problems.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder medications can have many benefits, as well as side effects. Read more

Natural Remedies for ADHD

Omega-3 fatty acids. Behavior therapy. Zinc. Brain training. High-protein, low-sugar foods. Medical professionals recommend a range of natural remedies for ADHD that, paired with medication, may help treat symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder naturally.

Behavioral Therapy for ADHD

Behavioral therapy for ADHD is a structured discipline strategy that aims to teach children new ways of behaving by rewarding desired behavior, such as following directions, and eliminating undesired actions, such as losing homework. Behavior therapy should be the first line of treatment for children with ADHD under five. It can be effective for older children as well.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids for ADHD

The omega-3 fatty acids found in fish oil are important in brain and nerve cell function. The body cannot make omega-3 fatty acids by itself, so people have to get them through food, supplements, and vitamins. This is especially important for people with ADHD, who may have low levels of the nutrient.

Protein for ADHD

An ADHD diet rich in proper nutrition is a powerful tool for managing ADHD symptoms. protein triggers alertness-inducing neurotransmitters, while carbohydrates trigger drowsiness. Protein also prevents surges in blood sugar that may increase hyperactivity. High-fiber foods such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and legumes can help stabilize energy levels. 

If you or your child is taking a stimulant medication, a low-fat breakfast will maximize its effectiveness. Fats can cause the body to absorb the medication more slowly, delaying the drug’s effectiveness. Starting the day with a breakfast comprising a balance of complex carbohydrates and protein such as eggs with whole wheat toast or whole grain pancakes with yogurt.

Exercise for ADHD

Exercise helps the ADHD brain function more effectively and efficiently. One well-known benefit of exercise is an increase in endorphins, which can improve mood. Exercise also elevates the brain’s levels of dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin, which increases focus and attention. Walking for 30 minutes four times a week will also do the trick, and skill-based exercises like martial arts or ballet are especially effective for those with ADHD.

Mindfulness Meditation for ADHD

Mindful meditation for ADHD is attention/awareness training that helps manage stress, develop positive emotions, and strengthen self-regulation skills. It involves silent meditation and becoming more aware during daily activities — in other words, staying in the moment.

Is ADHD a disability?

ADHD : Things You Need To Know

The answer is, of course, it depends. But that should be enough to make any employer concerned, especially when you consider that some estimate that 1 in 25 adults have some form of ADHD.

To help relieve any impact on learning for children, teachers can map out individual guidelines for a student with ADHD. This may include allowing extra time for assignments and tests or developing a personal reward system.

ADHD and depression

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and depression can go hand-in-hand. Doctors sometimes call them comorbid or coexisting conditions, meaning you can have both at the same time.

ADHD is a brain disorder that makes it hard to focus. Children and adults who have it might have trouble finishing tasks, sitting still, or keeping track of things, appointments, or details.

Some symptoms of ADHD and depression are a lot alike, and that can make it tough to diagnose and treat those conditions. For example, trouble with focus is one of the signs of both depression and ADHD. And if you take medicines to help with your ADHD symptoms, they may affect your sleep or eating habits – both of those can be signs of depression, too. In children, hyperactivity and irritability can be symptoms of depression as well as ADHD.

Coping with ADHD

There are many ways you can successfully manage your symptoms.

Accept your diagnosis. 

ADHD is not a death sentence, It is simply a way the brain is wired.

Accepting your diagnosis is key because it paves the way to positive action, such as learning about ADHD and finding strategies that work for you. Acceptance does not mean that you love every aspect of something. It means that you recognize that it is what it is.

Practice good self-care. 

People with ADHD tend to become hyper-focused on tasks they really enjoy, and can forget to eat, rest and even go to the bathroom, See if you are thirsty, hungry, tired or have a full bladder. Be sure you’re also prepared. For instance, if you tend to forget to eat and suddenly feel ravenous, carry snacks with you.

Exercise also is key for ADHD. exercises every day because it helps her focus and get a good night’s rest.

Taking care of your health makes it easier to manage everything else. If self-care comes first, our ability to cope with our ADHD by establishing new habits and creating more structure in our daily lives will go smoother.

Get enough sleep

Not getting enough sleep can exacerbate ADHD symptoms. For instance, being tired affects your attention span, memory and complex problem-solving. Also, when you haven’t gotten a full night’s sleep, it’s hard to determine whether your medication is working.

Unfortunately, people with ADHD tend to have sleep problems or sleep disorders. Fortunately, sleep issues are treatable. Sometimes, all you need is to adjust your habits.

Use pill containers

People with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder either tend to forget to take their medication or take it twice. Buying three weekly pill containers and filling them up at the same time. Not only does this keep you organized, but it also lets you know when you’re running out of medication.

Control your impulses 

People with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are at higher risk for various addictions. Knowing where your vulnerabilities lie and Seeking forms of healthy stimulation to keep your mind’s arousal high, such as music, exercise, laughter and puzzles.

Set alarms 

If you tend to lose track of time, Setting your phone or computer alarm or using a kitchen timer to signal that it’s time to switch tasks.

Keep a clock in the shower 

This way you can make sure you don’t linger too long, dreaming up the next new invention, or getting carried away with your karaoke practice. Look for clocks with suction cups that adhere to tile or glass.

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